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 red dahlia being pollenated by bees

Key to Dahlia Pests & Diseases

Problems with Flowers

  1. Flowers & / or buds shrivelled and with fluffy white mould = Botrytis.

  2. Flowers with mass of mites covering bloom (Generally seen when bloom brought into the House for decoration purposes) = Red Spider
  3. Flowers with tattered petals = Earwigs 

  4. Flowers with light flecking on petals, many small long-bodied winged and wingless insects’ present = Thrips
  5. Flowers with irregular holes and pieces eaten away and slime trail present = Slugs and Snails
  6. Flowers with  holes (Centre of bloom) and petals with pieces eaten away; no slime trails present on or near flower = Caterpillars

Problems with Foliage

  1. Leaves with numerous pale spots = Smut
  2. Leaves with white dust like covering = Powdery Mildew
  3. Leaves variously crumpled with irregular, pale yellowish patterns with insects visible more so with a magnifying glass = Red Spider
  4. Leaves variously crumpled with irregular, pale yellowish patterns with no insects visible with a magnifying glass = Virus
  5. Leaves wilt; stem interior with brown or black streaks = Wilt
  6. Leaves with irregular holes and pieces eaten away with slime trails present on or near plants = Slugs and Snails
  7. Leaves with irregular holes and pieces eaten away; no slime trails present on or near plants = Caterpillars
  8. Leaves with small tattered holes, especially at tips of shoots; buds sometimes killed = Capsid Bugs
  9. Leaves, shoots and flowers infested by colonies of black, green or yellow wingless and winged insects; Foliage sticky and sometimes sooty =Aphids
  10. Stem with soft, irregular swelling = Crown Gall
  11. Stem base rotted, cottony white mould growth present = Sclerotinia Disease
 

  red spider attack on dahlia leaf severe red spider attack on dahlia leaf powdery mildew on dahlia leaf  
  Red Spider Severe Red Spider attack  Powdery Mildew  
         
  dahlia Smut Crown Gall virus dahlia virus attack  
  Dahlia Smut Crown Gall - Picture illustrating Crown Gall, here on a stored tuber although the tuber showed no physical signs until it began to shoot. Virus attack- The plants in the background are of the same cultivar.  
         
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